Jesus' Five Wounds
by: Bill Perkins
Jesus' death was both prophetic and well documented. Isaiah 53 is uncomfortable reading for Jews who try to dismiss Jesus as anything but God's Son.
And by His scourging we are healed. Is. 53:5
and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross,
that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for
by His wounds you were healed. 1Pet. 2:24
The movie "The Bible" incorrectly portrayed Jesus as being pierced through the palms of His hands.
Jesus had five "pierced" wounds from His crucifixion. That's an interesting number because five is God's number for grace.
By His five (grace) wounds we have been healed.
But our healing is permanent only after our transition from this life to the next--what the secular world calls earthly death. It's important to note that Christians actually don't die, they just change places. When a Believer dies, he/she is immediately with the Lord.
Page 51 - "Living in the Time of Jesus" by Peter Connolly
"we are of good courage, I say, and prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord." 2Cor. 5:8
During the Roman Empire, crucifixion was about the worst death sentence you could receive. Often people lived days in agony before dying on a cross.
In some of the recently released Christian oriented movies, the person being crucified is incorrectly shown to be nailed through the palm of the hand. But actually, the Romans never nailed people to a cross by nailing through the palm of their hands.
There is nothing but flesh to hold up the weight of the body on the cross if the nails were nailed through the palm of the hands (see yellow circle to right). If nailed through the palm, the flesh would tear away in the first hour or so.
Therefore, the person was nailed just above the wrist (see red circle to right) between the two large bones in the forearm, in order to hold the person up on the crossbar indefinitely.
Since the prisoner might hang on the cross for days, the Romans would also nail a piece of wood as sort of a washer to keep the nails from pulling through.
Also, apparently crucified people writhed a lot in their pain and the repetitive back and forth motion would sometimes wiggle the nails loose and pull them out of the wood, offering temporary relief to the person.
Actual nail found in wrist of crucified man in Jerusalem around the time of Christ.
Note - there is a shadow in this picture.
So to keep that from happening, the nail was driven through the wood and bent on the back side, securing the hands and feet to the wood.
The feet were turned sideways, pushed up and under the buttocks and nailed together into the wooden post. This made it difficult to push up with the legs, leaving most of the weight on the arms.
This bodily configuration made it most difficult to even take asingle breath. To breathe, the prisoner had to both pull up with the arms while pushing up with the legs as best they could manage.
The word in the Greek for "hands" is "cheir," which does mean "hands," but can also mean any part of the lower arm below the elbow.
Nail found in ankle bone of crucified man crucified in the first century north
An example of using the word "cheir" to mean the lower arms is in Acts 12:7 where the text says the chains fell from Peter's "hands." Was Peter chained around his hands? No, obviously he was chained around his wrists.
So it's probable that pictures depicting Jesus straight-legged, with underwear and ropes around his arms to hold Him up, are incorrect.
Unbelievably, He was instead crucified more like the depictions shown here. It was horrific torture that the Creator God of the universe willingly endured in order to atone for our sin.
Yes, the spiritual purchase was the most important aspect of Jesus' death, burial and resurrection. But the physical pain should never be downplayed. Keep that in mind Resurrection Week.
Photo by Jodie Yelton
Living in the Time of Jesus of Nazareth, by Peter Connolly, Steimatzky Publishers 1983
Bill Perkins is the founder and Executive Director of Compass International, Inc.
© Copyright 1993-2014, Compass International Inc. www.compass.org / 800-977-2177
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